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North-East Region

The North-East Region is composed of the following states: Maranhao, Piaui, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia. It represents 18.26% of the Brazilian territory.

The North-East is famous for its hot weather, beautiful beaches, rich African and African mix with European cultures, and to be the birthplace of the country. A DNA study, with nearly over a 1000 samples from all over the North-Eastern region, (whites, Caboclos, pardos, blacks and indigenous people), found out a major European contribution, mainly from Portuguese, Spanish (mainly from Galicia, the Basque Country), French, Dutch/Flemish, German, Swiss, Italian, minority Greek, Scandinavian, British and Irish followed by a high West-African contribution, Indigenous/Native American and Asian (include Mid East majority from Libanon and Syria) component. Study showed that Brazilians from that region are more homogeneous than previously thought by some based on the census alone. Most of the population lives in the urban area, although about 15 million people lives in the semi-arid vast hinterlands that Lusitanian and mixed breed explorers (the Bandeirantes) encountered, the sertao. The people in the sertao are also called sertanejos, Brazilian North-Eastern Cowboys.

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